Many legal minds making NZ LAW work

We are an association of independent legal practices, proactively sharing ideas and expertise for the benefit of our clients.

Trust Bill

Published: 2nd October 2017

Author: Kimberly Lawrence, Greg Kelly Law Ltd

Published in: Trust eSpeaking | Issue 25

The long-awaited Trusts Bill was introduced to Parliament on 1 August 2017. The Bill is largely an update and restatement of the Trustee Act 1956 and the common law. However, it also deals with practical issues that have faced lawyers and trustees for some years. We outline some of the most important parts of the Bill.

‘Express trust’ defined

An ‘express trust’ is defined in the Bill. The definition makes it clear that trust property is separate from a trustee’s personal property, it must be administered in accordance with the trustee’s obligations in the trust deed, and that trustees will be accountable to beneficiaries for their compliance with the duties imposed on them by the trust deed and by law.

Trust life will be longer

The life of a trust has also been extended. Currently the life of a trust is either specified in the trust deed (as up to 80 years) or it’s determined according to the current (and confusing rule) against perpetuities. This has been replaced; if a trust deed does not specify a duration for the trust, or provide a way of determining the date at which the trust is to come to an end, the trust will continue for 125 years. A trust can come to an end earlier if the trust deed says so.

Trustee duties

The Bill also contains duties that must be performed by trustees. Trustees must know the terms of the trust, act in accordance with these, act honestly and in good faith, act for the benefit of beneficiaries and exercise powers for a proper purpose. These duties cannot be negated or modified by the trust deed – all trustees must perform them.

There are also ‘default’ duties which will apply to trustees unless the trust deed says otherwise. These duties are largely a restatement of existing law, but it is expected that their being listed in the Bill will be helpful for trustees to better understand their obligations, and for beneficiaries to understand the function of trustees.

Trust information

Trustees will also have clear duties in relation to trust information. Trustees will be required to keep copies of trust documents – these include the trust deed, any other deeds such as deeds of variation and any deeds changing the trustees, a record of all trust assets and liabilities, any accounting records or financial statements, and any letter of wishes from the settlor. If a trustee retires and hands these documents on to a new trustee, the new trustee will be required to keep these documents.

Beneficiaries’ rights clarified

Beneficiaries’ rights are also clarified in the Bill. Beneficiaries must be notified of basic trust information including the fact that they are beneficiaries, the names and contact details of trustees and their right to request a copy of the trust deed and/or other trust information. This is designed to ensure that beneficiaries have sufficient information to hold trustees accountable for their actions.

The Bill also clarifies the process for beneficiaries who wish to challenge trustees’ decision-making.

Wider powers for the Family Court

The Family Court will have wider powers to make directions under the Bill in some circumstances (usually relationship property proceedings involving trusts). If parties are in dispute, in some circumstances, the Bill also allows them to consent to allow the Family Court to make orders that would usually be available only to the High Court such as, for example, appointing and removing trustees. This may make relationship property proceedings involving trusts more effective.

The Bill contains a number of other provisions, and there are likely be changes as it passes through the parliamentary process. We will keep you informed.

Related Articles

  • Auckland
  • Bay of Plenty
  • Canterbury
  • Coromandel
  • Gisborne
  • Hawke's Bay
  • Kapiti Coast
  • Manawatu - Wanganui
  • Marlborough
  • Nelson
  • Northland
  • Otago
  • Southland
  • Taranaki
  • Waikato
  • Wairarapa
  • Wellington
  • West Coast

Rennie Cox

The law firm of Rennie Cox dates back to 1920, and is approaching its centennary. The firm is one of the few firms in Auckland, or indeed in New Zealand, where there have been three generations of the same family as partners from inception through to the present day.

The legal staff at Rennie Cox are experienced in the areas in which they work and are committed to developing ongoing relationships with our clients.

Region: Auckland

Phone: 09 303 4089

Koning Webster

Koning Webster Lawyers was established in April 2011 by founding directors John Koning and Spencer Webster.  Their vision was to establish a firm that provides the highest quality legal advice to Maori entities and other parties dealing with Maori land and natural resources.  The firm now advises a wide range of clients within the Bay of Plenty and throughout New Zealand.

Koning Webster Lawyers values its ability to provide our clients with the highest levels of legal advice and customer service.  As a small and flexible firm, Koning Webster Lawyers is able to provide this specialist advice to clients in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Region: Bay of Plenty

Phone: 07 547 4283

Argyle Welsh Finnigan

Argyle Welsh Finnigan is a leading law firm in Ashburton,  the town servicing mid Canterbury, New Zealand.

The firm employs a team of over 25 legal professionals, including three Senior Associate Solicitors, three Staff Solicitors and five Legal Executives.  Our firm provides quality legal services with a commitment to our clients and to understanding their individual needs and requirements. 

With more than one hundred years of combined legal experience, we are able to offer prompt and professional advice on a wide range of legal matters.

Region: Canterbury

Phone: 03 308 8228

Purnell Lawyers

There is nothing as inevitable as change. Since opening for business early last century, we at Purnell Lawyers have seen many changes both in name and in the people who have made up the members of our team. We have been privileged to have served the public throughout all of these times. 

We are confident that we will continue to bring top quality legal services to our clients well into the future.

Region: Coromandel

Phone: 07 868 8680

Woodward Chrisp

At Woodward Chrisp we strive to meet the needs of our clients by providing a wide range of high quality legal services within a supportive and collaborative environment.

Woodward Chrisp is the amalgamation of two long established Gisborne legal firms: Woodward Iles & Co and Chrisp and Chrisp. Today’s partners are Ross Revington, Adam Simperingham and Jeff Allen.

Region: Gisborne

Phone: 06 869 0900

Gifford Devine

For all life’s matters, the team at Gifford Devine have your back. Since 1896, our lawyers have been providing straight-talking, practical advice and advocacy to people, families and businesses in Hawke’s Bay.

As your legal champions, we’ll serve you as a trusted adviser, listen to your needs, offer plain English advice, and find a solution to get you the best possible outcome.

We have the expertise to identify potential legal issues, to help you make important decisions, and to realise your goals. We’re your legal champions for all reasons and at all stages of life.

Region: Hawke's Bay

Phone: 06 873 0420

Breaden McCardle Lawyers

Breaden McCardle Lawyers is the largest full service legal practice in the Kapiti Region.

We are here to help you and pride ourselves on providing practical, solutions based advice to clients in an approachable and straightforward manner.

Region: Kapiti Coast

Phone: 04 296 1105

Innes Dean Tararua Law

Our history in the Manawatu and Tararua Districts dates back to 1884. With offices in Palmerston North and Pahiatua our firm stands on a long tradition of high standards and sound legal advice.

Our size means that every one of our clients are dealt with on a professional, yet personal basis.

Region: Manawatu - Wanganui

Phone: 06 358 6075

Wain & Naysmith

Based in Blenheim, Wain & Naysmith Lawyers is a full service law firm, and a powerhouse for property, family and business law.

We pride ourselves in providing clear and cost effective legal solutions and practical advice for you, your family and your business.

Region: Marlborough

Phone: 03 520 6103

Knapps Lawyers

As a firm, we promise to look after you and treat you in a manner that we would expect to be treated by a professional services provider; we promise to use every available legal remedy available to us to resolve your issue and to do what you ask us to do in a timely manner.

We will hold in strict confidence all information that we acquire through our work for you and which concerns your business or personal information.  The only exceptions are where you authorise us to disclose such information or where we must do so by law.

Region: Nelson

Phone: 03 544 7888

Law North Limited

We pride ourselves on being a "general store" for most legal issues but also have several in-house experts in specialised areas including trusts, relationship property, business and property law.  No matter what your issue is - whether you are looking for trusted legal advisers to steer you through life, or you have a one-off problem to sort out - we would be pleased to help.

Law North Ltd provides a broad range of legal services across the Far North district from our base in Kerikeri.   We have operated in the area for over 100 years and have a long-standing history of providing legal services to a diverse client base, including businesses and private clients.   Our directors and their families have been part of the Bay of Islands community for several generations and remain committed to the area and its people.  We often call upon strong local knowledge to resolve issues for clients whilst remaining vigilant about client confidentiality.

Region: Northland

Phone: 09 407 7099

Berry & Co

Berry & Co is a long established, well respected Otago law firm providing a broad range of legal services for our business and personal clients.

We enjoy working closely with our clients, we listen and then we provide practical commonsense legal advice that achieves the outcome that is desired. We have a reputation for obtaining excellent results.

Region: Otago

Phone: 03 433 0007

Cruickshank Pryde

We are proud to provide a full suite of legal services to the regions of Southland and Central Otago. With our offices, located in Invercargill, Gore and Queenstown, equipped with the latest modern technology, we can service wider New Zealand and international clients with ease. Our areas of expertise include commercial, rural, business, employment, family, criminal, property, resource management and estate planning law.

Region: Southland

Phone: 03 214 4069

RMY Legal

Having been a cornerstone in the New Plymouth and Taranaki legal community since the 1930s we offer in-depth knowledge coupled with legal expertise and always put the needs of you and your business at the heart of what we do.

Not only do we offer a first class service to clients throughout Taranaki, we are passionate about what we do and our success stems from delivering advice in clear and understandable terms.

Region: Taranaki

Phone: 06 769 8080

Le Pine & Co

Le Pine & Co is the largest provider of legal services in the Taupo District, having provided legal services in the Taupo District and the Central North Island since 1953. Le Pine & Co is a full service firm, providing legal services in most areas of the law. The Le Pine & Co team offer a variety of specialised services from offices in Taupo, Putaruru and Turangi. The team are solution focused and will help unravel the mysteries of the law for you.

Le Pine & Co enjoys supporting and contributing to the Taupo community and many of its organisations. Building bike trails with Bike Taupo, setting up trusts for inspiring local projects, supporting the youth of Taupo - the team at Le Pine & Co gets involved in its community in a wide variety of ways. 

Region: Waikato

Phone: 07 378 5030

Gawith Burridge

Gawith Burridge traces its history back to 1875 when Charles Gawith first set up his practice. Since then the firm has undergone many changes, including a merger between Gawith & Co and Burridge & Co in 1998 to form our current practice.

Our firm draws on the breadth of expertise available from some of the region’s most senior legal practitioners, as well as the skills of those who have moved here from larger corporate environments.

As a result, we provide clients with a comprehensive range of legal services right here in the Wairarapa. We can provide you with legal assistance whether you are an individual or a company, with everything from setting up a Will to selling your farming business. 

Region: Wairarapa

Phone: 06 370 0000

Johnston Lawrence Limited

We practise in the areas of business and property law, public law, dispute resolution and personal legal services.

Our partners each have specialist areas of expertise and are well known and respected both in the Wellington community and the legal profession. We also employ several associates who are also experienced in their areas of expertise.

Region: Wellington

Phone: 04 472 0940

Hannan & Seddon

The Law Firm of Hannan & Seddon dates back to September 1867.

The firm's offices were in Werita Street from 1867 until 1982 when the firm moved to Tarapuhi Street and then to its current spacious premises at 61 Guinness Street in 1998.

The name Hannan comes from Mr Michael Hannan whose son John Hannan (Jack) joined the firm in 1908. Jack Hannan remained in partnership until he passed away in 1974 at the age of 90!

The name Seddon comes from Mr T E Y Seddon (son of Premier Richard John Seddon from Kumara) who joined the firm in the 1920's. The other prominent Solicitor at Hannan & Seddon was Cyril McGinley who joined the firm in the late 1920’s and retired as a Consultant in 1997 aged 87.

Currently we have two Partners within our firm. Tony Sullivan who has been with us for 29 years and Colin Smith, 26 years. The firm also has two long serving Legal Executives Elaine Knowles and Beverley Walsh.  

Region: West Coast

Phone: 03 768 4169

All the information published on this website, or in any article herein is true and accurate to the best of the authors' knowledge. Information on this site should not be a substitute for legal advice. No liability is assumed by NZ LAW Limited, or individual NZ LAW member firms for losses suffered by any person or organisation relying directly or indirectly on information published on this site. Views expressed in any article are the views of the authors individually and do not necessarily reflect the view of NZ LAW or their member firms. Information appearing on this site may only be reproduced with prior approval from NZ LAW Limited Head Office, and credit being given to the source. © NZ LAW Limited